In this short piece, I offer an overview of the devastating impact of majority minority districts on Virginia’s black voters. They have essentially no choice in state legislative elections. This undermines the Voting Rights Act. Single member districts, along with our campaign finance rules favor incumbents so much that competitive elections are virtually nonexistent. This is especially true in majority-minority districts. So, the VRA has been implemented by incumbents in a manner that favors minority incumbents instead of minority voters.
The paper is available at ssrn and at academia.edu: https://www.academia.edu/37104513/The_Voting_Rights_Act_and_the_Debasement_of_Minority_Voting_Rights_in_Virginia_2001-_2015_A_Preliminary_Analysis_update_